Lake Ontario Ordnance Works Restoration Advisory Board (LOOW RAB)
“The mission of the Lake Ontario Ordnance Works (LOOW) Restoration Advisory Board (RAB) is to influence the investigation and promote the satisfactory remediation of the entire LOOW site, including all publicly and privately owned parcels. The RAB endeavors to ensure that the community is provided the opportunity as early as possible to obtain information about, provide input to, and have impact on, the decisions regarding all investigations and restoration activities at the LOOW site within the 1942 boundary. The RAB is a forum for the public and all stakeholders for the exchange of information as well as open and independent dialogue concerning the environmental investigation and remediation activities at the LOOW.” The RAB complements but does not replace other types of community outreach and participation efforts, or those activities required by applicable federal and state laws.
What is the LOOW?
In 1941 the Department of Defense (DOD) purchased 7,500 acres of land in Niagara County, on which was built the former Lake Ontario Ordnance Works (LOOW), for the purpose of manufacturing trinitrotoluene (TNT) during World War II. The TNT production, production support, and storage areas were constructed on approximately 2,500 acres. The remaining 5,000 acres, located to the west of the production area, were left undeveloped. During World War II, the Army manufactured TNT for about 9 months at a facility on the site, which included a power plant, hospital, fire department, water supply system, and waste treatment system. The TNT plant was decommissioned in 1943. In 1945, 5,000 acres outside the production areas were declared excess and transferred to General Service Administration for disposal to private landowners. The remaining acres were used by various government agencies. As Department of Defense operations decreased, additional property was sold. Current owners of the site include the Lewiston-Porter Schools, local and federal governments, general residential areas, and private corporations. In the 1940s approximately 1,500 acres in the southern portion of the LOOW production area (south, from Balmer Rd.,) were transferred to the Manhattan Engineering District (MED), which later became the Atomic Energy Commission…
What is the NFSS?
The Niagara Falls Storage Site (NFSS) is located at 1397 Pletcher Road in Lewiston, NY. The 191-acre, Federally owned site is a remnant of a larger Lake Ontario Ordnance Works (LOOW) Site used by the wartime Manhattan Engineer District (MED). The NFSS and adjacent LOOW properties were developed for the production of trinitrotoluene (TNT) during World War II. However, TNT production never reached full capacity and the site became an interim storage facility, first receiving radioactive wastes and residues in 1944. The NFSS was used by the Manhattan Engineer District (MED) to store radioactive residues and wastes from uranium ore processing conducted off-site. Radioactive wastes and residues continued to be brought to the site for storage until 1952. In the 1950’s, drums of high- activity radioactive residues and waste from around the LOOW Developed Area were emptied into a vented Silo that subsequently emitted substantial radon into the community for some 30 years. It wasn’t until the early 1980’s, the Dept. of Energy transferred this waste to under-ground storage on the NFSS. During remedial actions conducted by the U.S. Department of Energy from 1982 to 1986, approximately 240,000 cubic yards of residues and wastes were consolidated in a diked containment…
[callout1]RAB Formation[/callout1] RAB Opinion from New York State Attorney General, March 2008 Press Release, Attorney General Cuomo, March 2008 October 21, 2006 U.S. Army Corps of Engineers, RAB Information Presentation [callout1]Press Releases[/callout1] 8-4-11 RAB Press Release 8-23-11RAB Press Release 11-3-11RAB Press Release 11-17-11 RAB Press Release [callout1]Presentations[/callout1] What is the LOOW Site – November 2011 What is the NFSS – November 2011 Radioactive Waste Disposal Decisions For the NFSS – November 2011 Chemical/Explosives Investigations-Town of Lewiston-November 2011 [callout1]Fact Sheets[/callout1] [callout1]Memos and Correspondence[/callout1] [callout1]Meeting Minutes[/callout1]
[callout1]Presentations[/callout1] Review of Chemical investigation status and NFSS Regulatory Framework – January 24, 2012 Update on Leakage from the NFSS Interim Waste Containment Structure – May 8, 2012 Gaps in the NFSS Environmental Surveillance Program – June 6, 2013 Further Evidence the NFSS Interim Waste Containment Structure is Leaking – December 2013 What is the LOOW Site – November 2011 What is the NFSS – November 2011 Radioactive Waste Disposal Decisions For the NFSS – November 2011 Chemical/Explosives Investigations-Town of Lewiston – November 2011
Information prepared by the U.S. Army Corps of Engineers regarding its FUSRAP program at the LOOW/NFSS can be found at: http://www.lrb.usace.army.mil/fusrap/nfss/index.htm#Documents Note: The RAB does not endorse the completeness or accuracy of the information found at this link. Information prepared by the U.S. Army Corps of Engineers regarding its DERPFUDS program at the LOOW/NFSS can be found at: http://www.lrb.usace.army.mil/derpfuds/loow/index.htm#Documents Note: The RAB does not endorse the completeness or accuracy of the information found at this link.
2014 Meetings to be announced.